Basic Blockchain Concepts

  • What are Bitcoin Runes? How Do They Work?
    Bitcoin Runes, launched with Bitcoin’s 840,000th block, are a new token standard improving upon BRC-20. The token standard was developed by Casey Rodarmor.
  • What are Smart Contracts?
    Smart Contracts are pieces of codes that automatically execute blockchain transactions based on a set of inputs given.
  • What is a Halving? Meaning with Bitcoin as an Example
    Halving means a phenomenon in blockchains by which block rewards are reduced to half of their previous value.
  • Coins vs Tokens in Cryptocurrency
    Tokens are those cryptocurrencies which exist on other blockchains; and might or might not have their own blockchain. Understand the difference of coins vs tokens.
  • What is a Gas War?
    In Ethereum, Gas War means a competitive situation where senders compete for gas fee to get their transactions executed in priority.
  • What is Gas Fees? How does it work in Ethereum?
    Gas fee is the transaction fee charged in the Ethereum blockchain. The fee is paid to Ethereum validators for verifying transactions and adding blocks to the blockchain.
  • What are Block Headers?
    Block Headers are the meta data of each block on a blockchain. They contain details such as nonce value, hash of previous block, timestamp, difficulty target, etc.
  • What is Merkle Root and Merkle Tree?
    A Merkle Root is the hash of all the transactions in a block by hashing transactions till the time there exists only a single hash result for the entire block.
  • What are Consensus Mechanisms in Blockchain? 10 Novel Types with Examples
    Consensus Mechanisms are different ways to verify blockchain transactions by running it through multiple validators each of whom verifies them individually.

List of L1 and L2 Blockchains